The founder of Buddhism is Buddha Shakyamuni, who showed the manner of accomplishing the ultimate goal of living beings, the attainment of enlightenment, at Bodh Gaya in India in 589 BC.(1) He was born into a royal family in 624 BC as Prince Siddhartha. (3)
In general, Buddha means “Awakened One”, someone who has awakened from the sleep of ignorance and sees things as they really are. He knows everything of the past, present, and future, directly and simultaneously. A Buddha is a person who is completely free from all faults and mental obstructions. Many people have become Buddhas in the past, and many people will become Buddhas in the future. Buddha has great compassion for all living beings without discrimination by blessing minds of living beings. (2)
In a place called Bodh Gaya, he practiced a meditation called space-like concentration; concentrating on the ultimate truth of all phenomena. After six years of meditation, he attained full enlightenment by conquering demons and removing mistaken appearance from his mind. (1)
Buddha gave 84,000 different types of teachings, and in this way, his precious teachings pervaded the entire world. At the request of the gods Indra and Brahma, Buddha then began to expound his profound teachings, or ‘turned the Wheel of Dharma’. (3)
During Buddha’s first teaching he taught The Four Noble Truths. Then, on Massed Vultures Mountain, he gave teachings known as the Perfection of Wisdom Sutra. (1)
(1) “Who is Buddha.” www.aboutbuddha.org/english/who-is-buddha.htm. About Buddhism, 2007. Web. Date Accessed.
(2) Geshe Kelsang Gyatso. The Story of Buddha. Glen Spey: Tharpa Publications, 2013.
(3) Geshe Kelsang Gyatso. Modern Buddhism. Glen Spey: Tharpa Publications, 2013.